An Octopus with a wonderful name: Wunderpus photogenicus
Just in 2006, Wunderpus photogenicus was described as a new genus and species from the shallow waters of the Indo-Malayan Archipelago.
The Wonderpus octopus, as is commonly known, is a spectacular long-armed species that occurs on soft sediment habitats in shallow waters. It is characterized by small eyes on elongate stalks, a long, conical papilla over each eye and a dramatic and fixed color pattern of white bars and spots over a brown-red background.
The distinctive color pattern of this species is most pronounced when the octopus is disturbed or threatened by real or perceived attackers. It
appears to be a warning display and may represent one of two scenarios: either 1) it warns that the octopus is directly toxic or venomous by nature or; 2) it represents impersonations of toxic or venomous creatures with similar color patterns which co-occur in the same habitat.
Here you can read the paper with the whole description of this spectacular species (Cephalopoda - Octopodidae).
Photo: A Wonderpus octopus in Batangas, Philippines | ©Albert Kang